Antique mid-Victorian era diamond earrings made in the 1860’s
Each earring is set with twenty one mine cut diamonds and one pear cut diamond.
A brief history on the mine cut diamond:
At the start of the 18th century, a great leap forward emerged with the â€śinventionâ€ť of the new 58-facetted diamond. At the time, these were the closest resemblance to todayâ€™s brilliant cut, and are referred to as old mine cuts, or old miners. These were cut often squarish or cushion shaped, with quite a steep angle on the crown and pavilion, to maximise weight retention. As well as these features, the â€śold minersâ€ť often had quite a large culet or â€ścolletâ€ť, the horizontal base formed by the blunting of a point when the stone is cut as a brilliant.
Images of the old mine cut diamonds.
During the mid 19thÂ century, the old European cut came into focus, and was an attempt to change the old mine cut stones into a more perfect round cut. These stones can be considered as the first true round brilliant cut diamonds. The facets from the old miners were kept in their same position, but changed shape to a more round and evenly shaped stone.
The culets became smaller, as it was realised that light could â€śleakâ€ť out from this point in the stone. The development of the modern brilliant cut occurred in the early part of the 20thcentury with further modifications through the century.
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